jueves, 31 de enero de 2013

MLK Pecha-Kucha!

Here is our presentation in Pecha-Kucha format about Martin Luther King. Pecha Kuchas are a presentation methodology in which 20 slides are shown for 20 seconds each (six minutes and 40 seconds in total).

I've made this with my partner Fran Alfonso, but we've had problems with the audio so it's not in the presentation. Although, under it you can find the script.

Racism was the single most destructive force in American society.
Social problems such as poverty, unemployment, urban decay, deteriorating educational opportunities, crime and violence were all elevated by the persistence of racism in our society. History reveals that we cannot legislate an end to racism.
There had to be, for example, separate bathrooms and restaurants for "coloured" people.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, or natural origin (in employment practices and public accomodations).
During the same time as African Americans were being disfranchised, white Democrats imposed racial segregation by law. And violence against blacks increased.
3 & 4:
On December 1, 1955, Mrs. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to boarding whites.
This brought about her arrest, conviction and fine. The buss boycott began December 5, the day of Park's trial, as a protest by African Americans for unequal treatment they received on the bus line.
Refusing to ride the buses, they maintained the boycott until the U.S. Supreme court ordered integration of public transportation one year later.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the boycott, the beginning of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Albnerta Williams King.
His legal name at birth was "Michael King", but it got changed as (well as) his father's. Martin, Jr. was a middle child between an older sister, Willie Christine King and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King.
7 & 8:
He attended Booker Washington High Schol.
He skipped both the ninth and the twelfth grade and entered Morehouse College at age 15 without formally graduating from high school.
King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her parent's house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama. They became parents of four children: Yolanda, Marthin Luther III, Dexter Scott and Bernice.
-  King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, when he was twenty-five years old.
He received a Ph.D. in systematic theology at Boston University on June 5, 1955.

Civil righs leader, theologian and educator Howard Thurman was an early influence on King. A classmate of King's father at Morehouse College, Thurman mentored the young king and his friends.
Thurman's missionary work had taken him abroad where he had met and conferred with Mahatma Gandhi.
10 & 11:
King, representing the SCLC, was among the leaders of the so called "Big Six" civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which took place on August 28, 1963.
- The march originally was conceived as an event to dramatize the desperate condition of blacks in the southern U.S. and an opportunity to place organizers' concerns and grievances squarely before the seat of power in the nation's capital.

Becoming a Baptist minister:

Thanks to his honesty and sincerity with the people this character was awarded with the title of Baptist minister when he was only 17 years old.

MLK's speeches:
Martin Luther King gave several speeches but the most important one was in Washington on August 28, 1963, when he uttered the phrase that everyone now recognizes "I Have A Dream", and also made the pronouncements in another speech the day before he died.

MLK and Ghandi:
Gandhi was a great influece on Martin Luther King Jr. as this philosophy had as "the principle of non-violence" or resistance by force. Martin Luther King Jr. became interested in the philosophical principle of Gandhi when he performed his graduate studies at Boston University.

Takes part in the bus boycott:

It was a political and social protest that began in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, intended to oppose the policy of racial segregation in the public transport system. The struggle lasted from December 1, 1955 to December 20, 1956, and led the Supreme Court to declare unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses in Montgomery.

The nobel prize:
For this activity aimed at ending the American apartheid and racial discrimination through non-violent means, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Four years later, at a time when his work was based mainly on opposition to the war and the fight against poverty.

Civil rights after MLK:
The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a long struggle, and mostly non-violent, to extend full access to civil rights and equality before the law to groups that do not have them, especially black citizens.

"I have a dream":

I Have a Dream was and is one of the most popular sentences pronunciated in this world and this sentence was pronunciated in the speech of Martin Luther King that shocked thousands of people.

When and how he died:
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. He was killed by a sniper. He shot him in the head, this sniper named James Earl Ray and the same will plead guilty to avoid a trial conviction and have the death penalty and was assigned to 99 years in prison.

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